What Complications Can Occur During Pregnancy?
Pregnancy is a wondrous time with so much excitement and anticipation. During this time, Many physiological changes occur to the expectant mom. However, when a pregnancy does not go according to plan that's when this miraculous event can start to become worrisome and stressful. In many instances, the complications are temporary and recede during the course of the pregnancy. Often, complications can be well managed with early detection and appropriate medical care.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
DVT is a serious condition where a blood clot develops in the leg or pelvis due to the many hematology changes that happen during pregnancy. The clot can form at any time during pregnancy and up to 6 weeks post-birth. If the clot dislodges and travels to the lungs it results in a pulmonary embolism. This can be fatal to the mother, however, DVT is not dangerous to the fetus.
Treatments last the duration of the pregnancy and at least six weeks post-partum. They include injections with an anticoagulant called Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) to stop the clot from getting bigger. Staying active and wearing compression stockings are also suggested for those with DVT.
This is a condition where a person’s blood has an insufficient amount of red blood cells. During pregnancy, this can have detrimental effects. The body produces more blood to support the fetus yet if the pregnant woman isn’t getting a sufficient amount of nutrients she may become anemic. Anemia during pregnancy may be caused by being deficient in iron, folate, or vitamin B12.
Treatments include taking supplements plus adding foods high in those missing nutrients. Often foods like eggs, dairy products, and meat are suggested. Blood tests will be required to monitor the situation.
Antiemetics are an effective treatment for morning sickness. In the U.S. and Canada, a doxylamine-pyridoxine medication has been approved to treat morning sickness.
The body requires more water during pregnancy and if it does not receive it, it can result in dehydration (and constipation). Dehydration is easily treated but pregnant women should try not to reach this state.
An expanding uterus and additional weight are bound to cause back pain. Even the position of the baby as it grows may cause issues. Typically, pregnant women experience lower back pain but this can vary woman to woman. Exercises such as yoga, swimming, and walking are good treatments. Wearing comfortable shoes and being conscious of your body posture doesn't hurt either!